Kasagala Central Forest Reserve

Established in 1963, the Kasagala Central Forest Reserve is a protected area located in central Uganda

Feb 22, 2024 - 11:26
Feb 13, 2024 - 22:58
Kasagala Central Forest Reserve
Kasagala Central Forest Reserve

Once upon a time, in the heart of Uganda, there lay a hidden gem, a sanctuary of nature’s bounty, untouched by the hands of time. This gem is none other than the Kasagala Central Forest Reserve.

The Reserve’s Significance

Established in 1963, the Kasagala Central Forest Reserve is a protected area located in central Uganda. It is known for its diverse ecosystem and significant contribution to the region’s biodiversity conservation efforts.

Location and Geography

The reserve is located in Bululi County. The elevation ranges from 1067 to 1097m above sea level, with the highest peak (Kasagala Hill) reaching 1159 m. The southern limit is 94 kilometers, and the northern line is 110 kilometers from Kampala. The reserve is located east of the Kampala-Gulu trunk road.

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Size and Boundaries

Kasagala Central Forest Reserve has an area of 10,298 acres. It covers an extensive land area and forms an integral part of the country’s natural heritage. The reserve is bounded on the west by the main road north from Kampala, which is stopped by the NFA Katugo Plantation Forest. Several enclaves are located within the reserve’s limits.

Topography and Zones

The landscape is composed of relatively flat hilltops and flat, broad valleys that are seasonal swamps that flood twice a year during the two rainy seasons. Kasagala Reserve is separated into five class zones based on soil qualities and geographical elements inside the forest reserve.

Threats and Challenges

Despite its importance, the Kasagala forest is facing severe extraction of wood for charcoal and firewood supply due to its proximity to major urban centers in Uganda. This situation is aggravated by the rapid growth of human populations, high levels of poverty, and a corresponding demand for agriculture, which has reduced the buffer zone of the reserve.


The Kasagala Central Forest Reserve is a testament to Uganda’s commitment to biodiversity conservation. However, it also serves as a reminder of the challenges that come with balancing conservation and development. As we continue to explore and appreciate this hidden gem, let us also remember our responsibility to protect and preserve it for future generations.


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